This article from UNICEF explains 10 of the most crucial elements of digital literacy for children, which are critical elements of skills needed at school, in later work and later on as a general skill for life. As defined below digital literacy refers to knowledge, skills and attitudes that enable children to flourish and grow in what is now an increasingly global digital world, whilst all the while remaining safe and empowered, in ways that are age-appropriate and take into account their local culture and context. Specifically these elements are:

  1. Digital literacy goes beyond technical know-how;
  2. Children need to be digitally literate even when they are not online;
  3. Digital literacy is a growing part of any approach to skills development;
  4. Tools to develop and assess digital literacy are proliferating;
  5. Yet most existing tools place little emphasis on children;
  6. Few programmes operate at scale or have been evaluated for impact;
  7. Similarly, UNICEF programmes would benefit from greater coordination;
  8. Implementing digital literacy is not easy;
  9. Some existing digital literacy frameworks or tools suit UNICEF well;
  10. Digital literacy programmes should be context-driven.